So there are two really good techniques that I know of for solving systems of linear equations. They are substitution and subtraction (this may have a different name). There are more advanced techniques for solving large systems but that can be left for another time and place. Anyways either will work for any of the problems below but one may be easier and require fewer steps than the other depending on the problem.
For problem 1 let's use substitution:
Take either one of your equations and solve for one variable in terms of the other (doesn't matter which equation or which variable you choose!). I will choose the first equation and solve for in terms of .
Now substitute x into the other equation:
Now that you have found , you can use the equation for to find its value:
We can also use the technique of subtraction. The idea here is to get the coefficient in front of one of the variables to be the same in both equations. Then you can subtract the equations one from the other, thus eliminating one variables.
For problem 2:
Multiply the first equation by 3,and the second equation by 5. Then
Notice that the coefficient on the front of the x variable is the same in both equations. Now subtract the x's, subtract the y's and subtract the numbers on the right hand side of the equation. We get:
Now we can find y, substitute it back into one of our original equations and find x.