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Math Help - Can someone help me on this?

  1. #1
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    Can someone help me on this?

    Hi! We just started doing a new lesson at mathes and I did pretty well for most homework we got, but I didn't get the three last questions we got here, so I'd love if someone would help me!
    1-ABC is a right triangle (with A=90). AB is 27 ft. The perimeter of this triangle is 108 feet. What is the length of AC and AB?
    2-If x-y=-3 and x-y=6, what is x and y?
    3-If x+y=20 and x-y=40, what is x and y?
    4-A garden has a shape of a rectangle. If we remove 3 feet from the length of a garden, and add 6 feet to the width, the garden gets the shape of a square and the total area gains 78 sq ft. What is the length and width of the garden?
    Thanks in advance y'all!
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  2. #2
    Forum Admin topsquark's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by Catherine View Post
    1-ABC is a right triangle (with A=90). AB is 27 ft. The perimeter of this triangle is 108 feet. What is the length of AC and AB?
    Let the other leg of the triangle (AC) be x and the hypotenuse (BC) be y. Then we know that
    27^2 + x^2 = y^2
    and
    27 + x + y = 108

    So from the second equation I get that
    y = 108 - 27 - x = 81 - x

    Inserting this into the first equation gives:
    27^2 + x^2 = (81 - x)^2

    On simplifying I get that
    -162x + 5832 = 0

    or x = 36. Thus y = 45.

    -Dan
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  3. #3
    Forum Admin topsquark's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by Catherine View Post
    2-If x-y=-3 and x-y=6, what is x and y?
    x - y = -3
    gives
    y = x + 3

    Inserting this into the other equation:
    x^2 - (x + 3)^2 = 6

    Expand and solve. I get x = -5/2. (And, of course, you need to find y.)

    Problem 3 is done in exactly the same way.

    -Dan
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  4. #4
    Forum Admin topsquark's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by Catherine View Post
    4-A garden has a shape of a rectangle. If we remove 3 feet from the length of a garden, and add 6 feet to the width, the garden gets the shape of a square and the total area gains 78 sq ft. What is the length and width of the garden?
    Call the original length of the garden x and the original width y, and call A = xy the area of the original garden.

    Then
    (x - 3)(y + 6) = A + 78 = xy + 78

    So
    (x - 3)(y + 6) = xy + 78

    Since the new shape is a square we also know that
    x - 3 = y + 6

    So solve this last equation for y and put the result into your area equation.

    I get x = 23 and y = 14.

    -Dan
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  5. #5
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    Hello, Catherine!

    The first three can be solved with the same trick . . .


    1) ABC is a right triangle (with A=90^o). . AB is 27 ft.
    The perimeter of this triangle is 108 feet.
    What is the length of AC and BC?
    First, make a sketch . . .
    Code:
        C *
          |  *
          |     *    a
        b |        *
          |           *
          |              *
        A * - - - - - - - - * B
                   27

    Let a = BC,\;b = AC

    The perimeter is 108: . a + b + 27 \:=\:108\quad\Rightarrow\quad a + b \:=\:81

    Pythagorus tells us: . a^2 \:=\:b^2 + 27^2\quad\Rightarrow\quad a^2-b^2 \:=\:729

    We have a system of equations: . \begin{array}{cccc}a^2-b^2 &=&729 & {\color{blue}[1]}\\ a+b &=& 81 & {\color{blue}[2]}\end{array}

    Equation [1] is: . (a-b)(a+b) \:=\:729

    Divide by [2]: . \frac{(a-b)(a+b)}{a+b} \:=\:\frac{729}{81}\quad\Rightarrow\quad a-b\:=\:9\;\;{\color{blue}[3]}

    Add [2] and [3]: . \begin{array}{ccc}a + b &=&81 \\ a-b &=&9\end{array}\quad\Rightarrow\quad 2a \:=\:90\quad\Rightarrow\quad a \:=\:45

    Substitute into [2]: . 45 + b \:=\:81\quad\Rightarrow\quad b \:=\:36


    Therefore: . AC = 36,\;BC = 45 feet



    2) If x-y\:=\:-3 and x^2-y^2\:=\:6, find x and y.
    Can you see that this system is identical to the system in #1?

    We have: . \begin{array}{cccc}x - y &=& \text{-}3 & {\color{blue}[1]}\\ (x-y)(x+y) &=& 6 & {\color{blue}[2]}\end{array}

    \begin{array}{cccc}\text{Divide {\color{blue}[2]} by {\color{blue}[1]}:} & x + y &=&-2 \\<br />
\text{Add {\color{blue}[1]}:} & x - y & =& -3\end{array}\quad\Rightarrow \quad 2x\:=\:-5\quad\Rightarrow\quad\boxed{x \:=\:-\frac{5}{2}}

    Substitute into [1]: . -\frac{5}{2} - y \:=\:-3\quad\Rightarrow\quad\boxed{y \:=\:\frac{1}{2}}



    4) A garden has a shape of a rectangle.
    If we remove 3 feet from the length of a garden, and add 6 feet to the width,
    the garden gets the shape of a square and the total area gains 78 sq ft.
    What is the length and width of the garden?
    I approached this one "backwards".

    Let x = side of the square garden. .Its area is: x^2 ft

    The original garden was 3 feet longer: . \text{Length} \:=\:x+3
    . . and was 6 feet narrower: . \text{Width} \:=\:x-6
    The area of the original garden was: . (x+3)(x-6) ft

    The square garden has 78 ft more than the original garden.
    . . . x^2 \;=\;(x+3)(x-6) + 78\quad\Rightarrow\quad x \:=\:20

    Therefore, the original garden was 23 \times 14 ft.
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  6. #6
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    Hi everyone! Thanks all for your answers! It seems so easy when you did it, sometimes I can really be stupid, I mean, how did I forget all this
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