## What mathematical principle or law describes this?

I don't know if this is the correct forum but...
Suppose you had a difference of fractions $1/4 - 1/6$
You could get the LCD by factoring each denominator. For 4 you would have (2,2) for 6 you would have (2,3). This gives 12 as the LCD.
You would then multiply the numerator of $1/4$ by 3, which is the factorization of 6 (2,3) not including the factor that is a factor of 4, namely 2. This gives $3/12$
This prime number (3) is the same as dividing the LCD by the original denominator: $12/4 = 3$
I hope this makes sense.
Is there a mathematical principle or law that describes this?
Thanks!