quadratic equ. problem no.4
No I dont think I understand the second step in your proof.
You say f(x) - x = 0
Then you say f(f(x)) - x = 0 ???
How
The idea is functions obey "axiom of substitution",(AOS)
that is if
So if f(x) = x for some x,
Then by AOS, f(f(x)) = f(x) = x for those x
in fact, he is right? didn't you notice it? he already omitted something there..
if i'll just follow the argument, it would be like this..
now, from your AOS,
therefore,
hehe, you call it ""axiom of substitution",(AOS)".. first time to see/hear it.. Ü i simply say "function is well-defined"..
Yes, they are the same things. But if I tell people that it is well-defined, they think it is trivial. Somehow "well-defined" is often confused with "well, defined"
But if I say it obeys axiom of substitution, it looks like functions follow some kind of law. Makes it look more important
P.S:LOL, I recently learned that term from Terence Tao's Book on Real Analysis. He builds the number system and introduces this as a basic axiom . That funny name stuck me as something important, so i use it repeatedly to demonstrate wisdom
Isomorphism,
oic.. i have not seen his book yet.. anyhow, thanks for that info..
afeasfaerw23231233,
if you say that [2] equals [1], why don't you apply your result to [b]?
i don't know if this is the proper proof, but i'll write it anyway..
substitute to and show that it is equal to 0..
here it is..
substitution:
since is a root of , we have .
thus, .
therefore is a root of .. (similarly, is a root.)
for [b], this is a hint.. ..
for example, and
got it? so, your [b] should be
just expand it and simplify..
Since we already know roots of f(x)=x are also roots of f(f(x)) = x,
Solve f(x) = x, i.e. x^2 - 3x + 2 = x. That is .
f(f(x)) - x = (x^2 - 3x + 2)^2 - 3(x^2 - 3x + 2) + 2 - x
And it is a quartic equation. But we already know two roots of it by (i), so divide the quartic by , you will get a quadratic quotient. Solve that quadratic to get the remaining 2 roots
Hey I did not get this... Is it some slick solution with tremendous insight???
Thanks