Hello, Kelly!

I'll do the first of these.

1) We have a 1.75-pint jug and a 1- pint jug.

We want to measure a half-pint.

Fill the 1-pint jug. Code:

* *
| |
| |
* - - * | |
|:::::| | |
|::1::| | |
|:::::| | |
*-----* *-----*
1 1.75

Empty the 1-pint jug into the larger jug. Code:

* *
| |
| |
* * | - - |
| | |:::::|
| | |::1::|
| | |:::::|
*-----* *-----*
1 1.75

Fill the 1-pint jug. Code:

* *
| |
| |
* - - * | - - |
|:::::| |:::::|
|::1::| |::1::|
|:::::| |:::::|
*-----* *-----*
1 1.75

Pour the 1-pint jug into the larger jug

. . until the larger jug is full. Code:

* - - *
|:::::|
|:::::|
* * |:::::|
| | |:1.75|
| - - | |:::::|
| 0.25| |:::::|
*-----* *-----*
1 1.75

Empty the larger jug. Code:

* *
| |
| |
* * | |
| | | |
| - - | | |
| 0.25| | |
*-----* *-----*
1 1.75

Empty the 1-pint jug into the larger jug. Code:

* *
| |
| |
* * | |
| | | |
| | | - - |
| | | 0.25|
*-----* *-----*
1 1.75

Fill the 1-pint jug. Code:

* *
| |
| |
* - - * | |
|:::::| | |
|::1::| | - - |
|:::::| | 0.25|
*-----* *-----*
1 1.75

Empty the 1-pint jug into the larger jug. Code:

* *
| |
| |
* * | - - |
| | |:::::|
| | |:1.25|
| | |:::::|
* - - * * - - *
1 1.75

Fill the 1-pint jug. Code:

* *
| |
| |
* - - * | - - |
|:::::| |:::::|
|::1::| |:1.25|
|:::::| |:::::|
* - - * * - - *
1 1.75

Pour the 1-pibnt jug into the larger jug

. . until the larger jug is full. Code:

* - - *
|:::::|
|:::::|
* * |:::::|
| | |:1.75|
| - - | |:::::|
|:0.5:| |:::::|
* - - * * - - *
1 1.75

. . . . . . . . . . *There!*

The second problem takes 16 steps.

But, by now, you should be able to work it out yourself.