help understanding working with exponents

I'm working from a book at the moment and in it there is a problem where you have to multiply two fractions. I don't need to show you the whole sum but there is a part of it that has and in order to diagonal cancel the fraction down you needed to know that you can change that to . But i don't know the rule that lets you do that.

I know that but i still didn't know i could just apply it like that. Is there a rule or formula i can use that can solve things like this in the future?

Re: help understanding working with exponents

You are right. Remember that a^4 = (a^2)^2

So you have ( a^4 - b^4 ) = (a^2)^2 - (b^2)^2 = ( a^2 + b^2) ( a^2 - b^2) = ( a^2 + b^2) ( a + b) ( a-b)

Re: help understanding working with exponents

ahhh so is a difference of squares also. I forgot you could split the exponent with brackets like that. That's the thing i was missing. Thank you.