# Thread: Vectors proof question

1. ## Vectors proof question

Hi,can someone please explain how to solve this question to me.

1) For any two vectors u and v, prove that |u + v|^2 + |u -v|^2 = 2(|u|^2 + |v|^2)

In proving this, what geometric fact have your proved?

Thanks heaps!!

2. ## Re: Vectors proof question

Originally Posted by Vishak
Hi,can someone please explain how to solve this question to me.

1) For any two vectors u and v, prove that |u + v|^2 + |u -v|^2 = 2(|u|^2 + |v|^2)

In proving this, what geometric fact have your proved?

Thanks heaps!!
Hi Vishak!

Note that $|u+v|^2 = \langle u+v, u+v \rangle$.
Can you simplify that?

3. ## Re: Vectors proof question

I'm not sure what the triangle brackets mean, but ill guess - is it just u^2 + 2uv + v^2?

4. ## Re: Vectors proof question

Originally Posted by Vishak
1) For any two vectors u and v, prove that |u + v|^2 + |u -v|^2 = 2(|u|^2 + |v|^2)
In proving this, what geometric fact have your proved?
Surely you must know that $\|u+v\|^2=(u+v)\cdot(u+v)~\&~\|u-v\|^2=(u-v)\cdot(u-v)~!$

Moreover, if vectors $u~\&~v$ are adjacent sides of a parallelogram then $(u+v)~\&~(u-v)$ are its diagonals.

5. ## Re: Vectors proof question

Thanks guys, what about the second part - "what geometric fact have you proved?"

6. ## Re: Vectors proof question

Originally Posted by Vishak
I'm not sure what the triangle brackets mean, but ill guess - is it just u^2 + 2uv + v^2?
The triangle brackets are one of the ways you can write a dot product of vectors.
You can also write it as $(u+v) \cdot (u+v)$.

And yes, that is what it is.

Originally Posted by Vishak
Thanks guys, what about the second part - "what geometric fact have you proved?"
Care to guess now that you know that $u~\&~v$ are adjacent sides of a parallelogram and $(u+v)~\&~(u-v)$ are its diagonals?