1. ## Investment interest problem

"An investment of $1000 earns$177.23 in interest in two years. If the interest is compounded annually, find the annual interest rate. Round to the nearest tenth of a percent.)

Using the formula $\displaystyle P = A(1 + i)^2$, I solved it thus:

$\displaystyle 1177.23 = 1000(1 + i)^2$

$\displaystyle 1.17723 = (1 + i)^2$

$\displaystyle log 1.17723 = 2 log (1 + i)$

$\displaystyle log 1.17723 = 2 log 1 + 2 log i$

$\displaystyle \frac {log 1.17723}{2} = log i$

$\displaystyle .0354306605 = log i$

$\displaystyle 10^{.0354306605} = i$

$\displaystyle i \approx 1.085$

As it turns out, my answer is correct if you remove the integer portion and multiply by 100, i.e. 8.5%. However, the answer I get is actually 108.5%. Where did I go wrong?

The book gives a hint... "The solution will require taking the common logarithm of each side of the equation and taking the common antilogaritm of each side of the equation."... but I'm not quite understanding how to do that.

2. Originally Posted by earachefl
"An investment of $1000 earns$177.23 in interest in two years. If the interest is compounded annually, find the annual interest rate. Round to the nearest tenth of a percent.)

Using the formula $\displaystyle P = A(1 + i)^2$, I solved it thus:

$\displaystyle 1177.23 = 1000(1 + i)^2$

$\displaystyle 1.17723 = (1 + i)^2$

$\displaystyle log 1.17723 = 2 log (1 + i)$

$\displaystyle log 1.17723 = 2 log 1 + 2 log i$

$\displaystyle \frac {log 1.17723}{2} = log i$

$\displaystyle .0354306605 = log i$

$\displaystyle 10^{.0354306605} = i$

$\displaystyle i \approx 1.085$

As it turns out, my answer is correct if you remove the integer portion and multiply by 100, i.e. 8.5%. However, the answer I get is actually 108.5%. Where did I go wrong?

The book gives a hint... "The solution will require taking the common logarithm of each side of the equation and taking the common antilogaritm of each side of the equation."... but I'm not quite understanding how to do that.

the formula you used is not to find the interest only, it is to find the principal plus the interest.

the formula you should use to find only the interest is: $\displaystyle I = (1 + r)^t$ ...where I is the interest gained

you followed the hints given correctly

3. OK, if I use your formula:

$\displaystyle I = (1 + r)^2$, I get:

$\displaystyle 177.23 = (1 + r)^2$

$\displaystyle log 177.23 = 2 log (1 + r)$

$\displaystyle log 177.23 = 2 log 1 + 2 log r$

$\displaystyle \frac {log 177.23}{2} = log r$

$\displaystyle 1.1242686187 = log r$

$\displaystyle 10^{1.1242686187} = r$

$\displaystyle r \approx 13.3$

Unfortunately, that's not the correct answer, as you can see if you plug 13.3% back into the original formula:
$\displaystyle P = 1000(1 + .133)^2$
$\displaystyle P = 1283.69$

Did I misunderstand you?

4. Originally Posted by earachefl
OK, if I use your formula:

$\displaystyle I = (1 + r)^2$, I get:

$\displaystyle 177.23 = (1 + r)^2$

$\displaystyle log 177.23 = 2 log (1 + r)$

$\displaystyle log 177.23 = 2 log 1 + 2 log r$

$\displaystyle \frac {log 177.23}{2} = log r$

$\displaystyle 1.1242686187 = log r$

$\displaystyle 10^{1.1242686187} = r$

$\displaystyle r \approx 13.3$

Unfortunately, that's not the correct answer, as you can see if you plug 13.3% back into the original formula:
$\displaystyle P = 1000(1 + .133)^2$
$\displaystyle P = 1283.69$

Did I misunderstand you?
no, it was my bad. ....forget what i said!

your formula is correct, you made a mistake with the logs. i'll see if i find it

here

Originally Posted by earachefl
"An investment of $1000 earns$177.23 in interest in two years. If the interest is compounded annually, find the annual interest rate. Round to the nearest tenth of a percent.)

Using the formula $\displaystyle P = A(1 + i)^2$, I solved it thus:

$\displaystyle 1177.23 = 1000(1 + i)^2$

$\displaystyle 1.17723 = (1 + i)^2$

$\displaystyle log 1.17723 = 2 log (1 + i)$

$\displaystyle log 1.17723 = \color{red} 2 log 1 + 2 log i$
here is your mistake. you cannot distribute the log among a sum like that.

the next line should be: $\displaystyle \frac {\log 1.17723}2 = \log (1 + i)$

now continue

5. Wouldn't

\displaystyle \begin{aligned} 1000x^{2}&=1177.23\\\\ x^{2}&=\frac{1177.23}{1000}\\\\ x&=\sqrt{\frac{1177.23}{1000}}\\\\ x&\approx{1.08500} \end{aligned}

$\displaystyle 1.08500-1=0.08500$

be easier? Of course,

$\displaystyle 0.085 = 8.5\%$

6. Originally Posted by p.numminen
Wouldn't

\displaystyle \begin{aligned} 1000x^{2}&=1177.23\\\\ x^{2}&=\frac{1177.23}{1000}\\\\ x&=\sqrt{\frac{1177.23}{1000}}\\\\ x&\approx{1.08500} \end{aligned}

$\displaystyle 1.08500-1=0.08500$

be easier? Of course,

$\displaystyle 0.085 = 8.5\%$
indeed. the use of logs was not necessary here (we use logs when we have unknowns as powers and regular manipulation of the exponents does not work). however, we could have left x as (1 + i) just to show where the -1 in the second to last equation comes from