• Nov 30th 2012, 06:48 PM
puresoul

Point O is the intersection of 2 roads which cross at right angles; one road runs from north to south, the other from east to west. Car A is 100 m due west of O and travelling east at a speed of 20m/s, and Car B is 80 m due north of O and travelling south at 20 m/s.

a) show that after t seconds their distance apart, d metres is given by
d^2 = (100-20t)^2 + (80-20t)^2

b) show that this simpifies to

d^2 = 400((5-t)^2 + (4-t)^2 ).

c)show that the min distance apart of the 2 cars is 10 squareroot 2 m
• Nov 30th 2012, 06:55 PM
Prove It
At any point in time, car 1 is positioned at \displaystyle \begin{align*} \left( -100 + 20t, 0 \right) \end{align*} and car 2 is positioned at \displaystyle \begin{align*} \left( 0, 80 - 20t \right) \end{align*}.

If you were to draw a segment between these two points and create a right-angle-triangle, you can evaluate the distance between the two points using Pythagoras.
• Nov 30th 2012, 07:06 PM
puresoul
How can i get (5-t)^2 + (4-t)^2
from 2t^2 -18t +41
• Nov 30th 2012, 07:08 PM
Prove It
You don't. What you should be doing is taking out common factors BEFORE trying to expand.
• Nov 30th 2012, 07:11 PM
puresoul
what I got was
d^2 = 800t^2 - 7200t +16400
I took 400 as the common factor and got
d^2 = 400(2t^2 -18t +41)

Was what I did wrong ??(Speechless)
• Nov 30th 2012, 07:16 PM
Prove It
Mathematically it all appears correct. But your APPROACH is wrong.

Surely you can see that \displaystyle \begin{align*} (100 - 20t)^2 + (80 - 20t)^2 = [20(5 - t)]^2 + [20(4 - t)]^2 = 400(5-t)^2 + 400(4-t)^2 = 400[(5-t)^2 + (4-t)^2] \end{align*}. When you are trying to get to a factorised form, the best approach is to factorise...
• Nov 30th 2012, 07:20 PM
puresoul
Quote:

Originally Posted by Prove It
Mathematically it all appears correct. But your APPROACH is wrong.

Surely you can see that \displaystyle \begin{align*} (100 - 20t)^2 + (80 - 20t)^2 = [20(5 - t)]^2 + [20(4 - t)]^2 = 400(5-t)^2 + 400(4-t)^2 = 400[(5-t)^2 + (4-t)^2] \end{align*}. When you are trying to get to a factorised form, the best approach is to factorise...

oh!
okay
thnks
• Nov 30th 2012, 07:36 PM
puresoul
in the last part this is what i did:

d^2 =400(2t^2 +41 -81t)
d^2 = 800(t-9/2)^2 + 200
d^2 = 200
d= 10 squareroot 2

Is my approach correct or is there a faster way of solving it than completing the square??
• Nov 30th 2012, 08:14 PM
Prove It