Could you let me know if I proved this correctly ? Hope the text is readable enough
z is given to me as (2 - 3i)^ν + (2 + 3i)^ν where ν belongs to Ν*. is a fact. However I am not sure whether I have "moved down" the conjugation correctly in the third and fourth equations.
You appear now to be saying that you are given a specific value of z and asked to prove that its imaginary part is real. As kalyanram said, the imaginary part of any complex number is, by definition, real but it appears that, here, you are asked to actually find the real and imaginary parts of z.
Yes, your algebraic manipulations are correct. The presentation of your reasoning isn't very transparent, but, still, it's correct; it's just takes a bit to figure out what you're doing. Although this is fine for figuring out why it's true, I'd suggest that on a graded problem, you rewrite your reasoning more carefully. Above all, show respect for the equal sign!!
Also, it's common to deduce that by showing that . It's a worthwhile technique to remember, as the need to show a complex number is
actually real is a fairly common occurance, and it's often easy to see when , where w is some complex expression in z.
Working it out that way is extremely similar to how you worked out the problem, but, the " by showing " approach is particular to the case,
whereas the (correct) formula you used, , holds for any complex number of any imaginary component.
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Ex: Your problem is a particular case of a general situation. Whenever symmetrically adding functions of and , the result will be real.
Prop: Let satisfy . Let satisfy .
Then the function , that's defined by , is real valued, i.e. .
Proof:
(Note that nothing is being assumed about A being open, compact, whatever, or f being analytic, continuous, etc.. This is purely a consequence of sets,
functions, and f "passing through" the conjugation. Also, the requirement about is only to guarantee that makes sense
when it appears in the definition of g.)
Let Then
. Thus .
Since , have that . Thus .
Note: is the common case. It's true for powers of z, exponentials, and hence complex-trig functions. The main theroem guaranteeing it is that is that any holomorphic function h that's real valued for real values (Im(z)=0 implies Im(h(z)) = 0) (a very common occurance) satisfies .
Question: With the same f and A, if instead you had , then what could you say about about g? What about if ?