# Factoring

• Aug 27th 2012, 10:02 AM
DIOGYK
Factoring
I have another factoring problem from Gelfand's Algebra book that I've been unable to solve;

Problem 122. Factor:
(f) \$\displaystyle (a-b)^3+(b-c)^3+(c-a)^3\$

My try:
\$\displaystyle (a-b)^3+(b-c)^3+(c-a)^3=((a-b)+(b-c))((a-b)^2-(a-b)(b-c)+(b-c)^2)+(c-a)^3=(a-c)(a^2-2ab+b^2-(ab-ac-b^2+bc)+b^2-2bc-c^2)+(c-a)^3=(a-c)(a^2-2ab+b^2-ab+ac+b^2-bc+b^2-2bc+c^2)-(a-c)^3=(a-c)(a^2-3ab+3b^2+ac-3bc+c^2)-(a-c)^3=?\$

• Aug 27th 2012, 02:11 PM
awkward
Re: Factoring
http://mathhelpforum.com/algebra/202...g-problem.html

shows that \$\displaystyle x^3 + y^3 + z^3 - 3xyz = (x+y+z)(x^2 + y^2 + z^2 - xy - yz -zx)\$

so if \$\displaystyle x+y+z = 0\$, then \$\displaystyle x^3 + y^3 + z^3 = 3xyz\$.

Maybe you can apply this result to the current problem.
• Aug 27th 2012, 09:32 PM
DIOGYK
Re: Factoring
Quote:

Originally Posted by awkward
http://mathhelpforum.com/algebra/202...g-problem.html

shows that \$\displaystyle x^3 + y^3 + z^3 - 3xyz = (x+y+z)(x^2 + y^2 + z^2 - xy - yz -zx)\$

so if \$\displaystyle x+y+z = 0\$, then \$\displaystyle x^3 + y^3 + z^3 = 3xyz\$.

Maybe you can apply this result to the current problem.

So I guess the answer is \$\displaystyle 3(a-b)(b-c)(c-a)\$?

But isn't \$\displaystyle x^3+y^3+z^3\$ equal to \$\displaystyle 3xyz\$ only if \$\displaystyle x+y+z=0 ?\$ or am I asking a stupid question. I mean by letting \$\displaystyle x+y+z=0\$, \$\displaystyle x^3+y^3+z^3\$ has to be \$\displaystyle 3xyz\$ but does that mean that \$\displaystyle x^3+y^3+z^3\$ is generally equal to \$\displaystyle 3xyz\$.
• Aug 28th 2012, 04:21 AM
awkward
Re: Factoring
Quote:

Originally Posted by DIOGYK
So I guess the answer is \$\displaystyle 3(a-b)(b-c)(c-a)\$?

But isn't \$\displaystyle x^3+y^3+z^3\$ equal to \$\displaystyle 3xyz\$ only if \$\displaystyle x+y+z=0 ?\$ or am I asking a stupid question. I mean by letting \$\displaystyle x+y+z=0\$, \$\displaystyle x^3+y^3+z^3\$ has to be \$\displaystyle 3xyz\$ but does that mean that \$\displaystyle x^3+y^3+z^3\$ is generally equal to \$\displaystyle 3xyz\$.

Simplify (a-b) + (b-c) + (c-a). What do you get?
• Aug 28th 2012, 04:32 AM
DIOGYK
Re: Factoring
Quote:

Originally Posted by awkward
Simplify (a-b) + (b-c) + (c-a). What do you get?

0 of course, now I get it. I attacked this problem by fists, filled 2-3 papers haha, and you attacked it with your brain, you're awesome. Thanks for help awkward.