# Thread: Parametric system of equation problem

1. ## Parametric system of equation problem

x^2+y^2=2a+4
x+y=a+3

find the meaning for "a" when system of equation has only 1 root

2. ## Re: Parametric system of equation problem

Originally Posted by Telo
x^2+y^2=2a+4
x+y=a+3
find the meaning for "a" when system of equation has only 1 root
Solve $x^2+(a+3-x)^2=2a+4$ for $x$.

3. ## Re: Parametric system of equation problem

thanks for answer but i didnt get it, i have this: 2x^2-2ax+a^2+9=2a+4 what do i do next? how do i find out what meaning must "a" have? for 1 root of x

4. ## Re: Parametric system of equation problem

Do you not know how to solve a quadratic equation?

But more to the point, that equation can be written $2x^2- 2ax+ (a^2-2a+ 5)= 0$ Now, an equation like that will have only one root provided it is a double root. That is, if it is of the form $2(x- x_0)^2= 0$.

5. ## Re: Parametric system of equation problem

Expanding on HallsofIvy's post, you have a double root if and only if the discriminant is zero, i.e.

$(-2a)^2 - 4(2)(a^2 - 2a + 5) = 0$

6. ## Re: Parametric system of equation problem

thank you very much! I've got a=-1

7. ## Re: Parametric system of equation problem

Hmm I'm not sure if -1 is correct...according to the quadratic I posted, it has two non-real roots for a.

8. ## Re: Parametric system of equation problem

Originally Posted by richard1234
Hmm I'm not sure if -1 is correct...according to the quadratic I posted, it has two non-real roots for a.
-1 should be correct. I get a single solution for the resulting system.

My work disagrees slightly with HallsofIvy, however:

\begin{align*}x^2+y^2&=2a+4\\x+y&=a+3\end{align*}

$\Rightarrow x^2 + \left(a-x+3\right)^2=2a+4$

$\Rightarrow2x^2-2ax-6x+a^2+6a+9=2a+4$

$\Rightarrow2x^2-2(a+3)x+\left(a^2+4a+5\right)=0$

For this quadratic to have a single root, the discriminant $b^2-4ac$ must be 0:

$4(a+3)^2-8\left(a^2+4a+5\right)=0$

$\Rightarrow a^2+2a+1=0$

$\Rightarrow a=-1.$

Substituting this back into the original equations gives the system

\begin{align*}x^2+y^2&=2\\x+y&=2\end{align*}

So

$x^2 + (2-x)^2=2$

$\Rightarrow x^2-2x+1=0$

$\Rightarrow(x-1)^2=0$

$\Rightarrow x=1$

$\Rightarrow y=1$

A single solution, as desired.