I'm not quite sure what the exact name for this type of problem.

**[Instructions] Perform the indicated operations on the rational expressions and simplify.**
I do not need the answer, but instead, a guide on how to solve the problem.

I am aware that I need to move the negative exponents on a denominator, but I'm not sure if it will go on the bottom -OR- make a fraction on the numerator and put the negative exponent(and its variable) on the denominator of the fraction on the numerator (and so on). I hope that makes sense. Can anybody enlighten me, please (Preferably, with numbers, as opposed to sentences - just like what I did. x_x)?

Once the negative exponents have been taken care of, it would be great to have the rest of the problem solved as well.

Any help is appreciated. Thank You,

Azusa.