Express an interval with an absolute value

• Jan 10th 2012, 07:59 AM
Ragnarok
Express an interval with an absolute value
I am looking at a problem in a review of basic set notation which reads as follows:

(a) [1, 5]
(b) (1, 4)
(c) [-1, 6)
(d) [-4, 4]

The interval in (d) may be expressed in the form {x | x is a number and |x| ≤ 4}. Two of the other intervals listed can similarly be expressed with the aid of absolute values. Find the two and display the result.

I assume the intervals you could do this with would be (a) and (b), but I don't really know where to go from there. Could anyone offer any hints in the right direction? Thanks!
• Jan 10th 2012, 08:15 AM
alexmahone
Re: Express an interval with an absolute value
Quote:

Originally Posted by Ragnarok
I am looking at a problem in a review of basic set notation which reads as follows:

(a) [1, 5]
(b) (1, 4)
(c) [-1, 6)
(d) [-4, 4]

The interval in (d) may be expressed in the form {x | x is a number and |x| ≤ 4}. Two of the other intervals listed can similarly be expressed with the aid of absolute values. Find the two and display the result.

I assume the intervals you could do this with would be (a) and (b), but I don't really know where to go from there. Could anyone offer any hints in the right direction? Thanks!

The interval in (a) may be expressed in the form {x | x is a number and |x-3| ≤ 2}.

The interval in (b) may be expressed in the form {x | x is a number and |x-5/2| < 3/2}.
• Jan 11th 2012, 09:47 AM
kalyanram
Re: Express an interval with an absolute value
In general
$c \leq x \leq d \equiv |x-a| \leq b \equiv a-b \leq x \leq a+b \implies a= \frac{c+d}{2} , b = \frac{d-c}{2}$

Regards,
Kalyan