I'm learning how to divide polynomials by expressions like a + 1 and I'm stuck on a particular question:
4x^4 - 3x^2 + x + 2 divided by 2x + 3
The answer must be expressed in the form (2x+3)*Quotient+Remainder.
Here's how I've been going about it.
4x^4 - 3x^2 + x + 2 = (2x + 3)(ax^3 + bx + c) + R
Then after expanding and collecting like terms, I have:
2ax^4 + 3ax^3 + 2bx^2 + (2b+2c)x + 3c + R
And it's here that I get stuck. The problem here is that I don't know how to go on. What for example do I do with the x^3 bit?
Hi guys, thank you very much for your answers (and sorry for my very late reply).
I've now learned how to do synthetic division, and in the process of doing so also learned about the general form, which ended up solving my problem with this! I was going wrong because I wasn't accounting for the "missing power" in the original equation. It jumps from x^4 to x^2. I've solved the problem by adding 0x^3 in between them -- does this sound right? It's produced the right answer, at any rate.
Another way to divide by , more like "standard" numerical long division:
divides into times. Multiplying that by gives [tex](2x+3)(2x^3)= 4x^4+ 6x^3. Subtract [tex](4x^4+ 0x^3)- (4x^4+ 6x^3)= -6x^3. That leaves us . Now, divides into times. Multiplying that by gives . Subtract . That leaves . divides into 3x times. Multiplying that by gives . Subtracting . That leaves us . divides into -4 times. Multiplying that by gives . Subtracting .
That is, the quotient is with remainder 14.
(Captain Black, I was under the impression that "synthetic division" could only be used to divide by something of the form x+ a.)