• Nov 17th 2011, 12:36 AM
JesseElFantasma
Hii!

I have this other piece of practice work that I don't understand.

The method I do understand is for calculating the final amount:

The interest is 8.5 %
The years are 7

I know that you must do:

$\displaystyle P+ (i . P . n )$
= $\displaystyle 21 860+ (0.085 . 21 860 . 7)$

That's easy.

What I'm stuck on is:

Final amount is 8 775
Interest is 7%
Years are 5
CALCULATE THE AMOUNT YOU STARTED WITH.

What would I do?

Thanks!

:)
• Nov 17th 2011, 12:55 AM
Quacky
Go backwards. $\displaystyle P+i\cdot{P}\cdot{n}=F$, where F is the final amount.

Substitute the known values into the equation and try to solve for the unknown.
• Nov 17th 2011, 01:05 AM
JesseElFantasma
Quote:

Originally Posted by Quacky
Go backwards. $\displaystyle P+i\cdot{P}\cdot{n}=F$, where F is the final amount.

Substitute the known values into the equation and try to solve for the unknown.

I don't quite understand.

If the final amount is 8775 ($\displaystyle A$)
Interest is 0.07 ($\displaystyle i$)
And years 5 ($\displaystyle n$)

How would I substitute?

Would I go:
$\displaystyle 8775- (0.07/ 8775 . 5)$
= (amount we started with which is $\displaystyle P$)

Like that?
• Nov 17th 2011, 01:13 AM
Quacky
$\displaystyle P+i\cdot{P}\cdot{n}=A$

We have:
$\displaystyle i=0.07$
$\displaystyle n=5$
$\displaystyle A=8775$

So:

$\displaystyle P+0.07\cdot{P}\cdot{5}=8775$

So:

$\displaystyle P+0.35\cdot{P}=8775$

$\displaystyle 1.35P=8775$
• Nov 17th 2011, 01:25 AM
JesseElFantasma
So 1.35 is the amount we started with?
• Nov 17th 2011, 01:36 AM
Quacky
No, we have to solve this equation for P, by dividing both sides by 1.35
• Nov 17th 2011, 01:38 AM
JesseElFantasma
But we haven't solved P.

We have A and i and n
We are trying to solve P.
• Nov 17th 2011, 01:41 AM
Quacky
Quote:

Originally Posted by JesseElFantasma
But we haven't solved P.

We have A and i and n
We are trying to solve P.

I agree. In order to solve an equation for P, you need to isolate P (get P by itself). This is what I've done here.

Quote:

Originally Posted by Quacky
$\displaystyle P+i\cdot{P}\cdot{n}=A$

We have:
$\displaystyle i=0.07$
$\displaystyle n=5$
$\displaystyle A=8775$

So:

$\displaystyle P+0.07\cdot{P}\cdot{5}=8775$ Here I've just substituted the known values into the formula.

So:

$\displaystyle P+0.35\cdot{P}=8775$ I've simplified, but otherwise haven't changed anything.

$\displaystyle 1.35P=8775$ I've collected like terms together. In the step above, I had 1P and 0.35P, so these combine to make 1.35P

Then, if we divide both sides by $\displaystyle 1.35$, we get:

$\displaystyle P=\frac{8775}{1.35}=6500$
• Nov 17th 2011, 01:51 AM
JesseElFantasma
But in
P + 0.35 x P = 8775
what happens to the 1st P?
• Nov 17th 2011, 01:57 AM
Quacky
The first is $\displaystyle 1\times{P}$
The second is $\displaystyle 0.35\times{P}$

Because they are both amounts of P that are being added together, we can combine them as $\displaystyle 1.35P$ in the same way that $\displaystyle 3+3+3+3= 4\times{3}$
• Nov 17th 2011, 02:01 AM
JesseElFantasma
I get it!
Thank you.

So for another I would go:

P + 0.085 . P.7
P + 0.595 x P
P + 1.595
1.595P = 34866.70
34866.70/ 1.595P
= 21860
• Nov 17th 2011, 02:06 AM
Quacky
If $\displaystyle 34866.70$ is your final amount, and the question is asking you to solve for P, then yes - although there are some very tiny notation errors, the method is fine. I'd set it out like this:
$\displaystyle P + 0.085 \cdot{P}\cdot{7}=34866.70$
$\displaystyle P + 0.595 \times P=34866.70$
$\displaystyle 1.595P = 34866.70$
$\displaystyle 34866.70/ 1.595=P$
$\displaystyle = 21860$