I have to show the following by mathematical induction:
for each n in the natural numbers and for a > -1, the following inequality holds
(1 + a)^n >= 1 + na + (n/2)(n-1)a^2 + (n/6)(n-1)(n-2)a^3.
I know how to do the base case and the induction step.
For n + 1, the left hand side of the inequality is (1+a)^(n+1) = (1+a)(^n)*(1+a). Then I multiplied the right hand side of the inequality by (1+a) assuming that the "n" case is correct.
After multiplying through, I get the following:
1 + (n+1)a + (n/2)(n+1)a^2 + (n/6)(n+1)(n-1)a^3 + (n/6)(n-1)(n-2)a^4. The first four terms are precisely the original right hand side of the inequality in "n+1." (i.e. what I'm looking for). However, how do I know the left hand side is still greater than or equal to the right hand side with the additional term (n/6)(n-1)(n-2)a^3 under these conditions. Do you know what I'm saying? I think I did all the arithmetic and algebra correctly.
Thanks for any help or suggestions.