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Math Help - Sum of the arithmetic series

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    Sum of the arithmetic series

    The first term of an arithmetic series is a and the common different is d.If the sum of the first three term of this series is 15 and the product of the first two terms is 10,find the values of a and d.Hence, calculate the sum of the first eight terms of the series.
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    Re: Sum of the arithmetic series

    The nth term of an arithmetic sequence is given by u_n = a + (n-1)d and the sum of n terms is given by S_n = \dfrac{n}{2} (2a+(n-1)d)

    Hence the sum of three terms is S_3 = \dfrac{3}{2}(2a+2d) = 3(a+d) = 15

    The product of the first two terms is a \times (a+d) = 10

    You can then solve the equations simultaneously to find a and d
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    Re: Sum of the arithmetic series

    Quote Originally Posted by faraday View Post
    The first term of an arithmetic series is a and the common different is d.If the sum of the first three term of this series is 15 and the product of the first two terms is 10,find the values of a and d.Hence, calculate the sum of the first eight terms of the series.
    Alternatively, working with the arithmetic pattern..

    a+(a+d)+(a+2d)=3a+3d=3(a+d)=15\Rightarrow\ a+d=5

    a(a+d)=10

    into which you may substitute the value obtained for (a+d).
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