E.g. in Australia, most older generations use a centred dot for a decimal point and a full stop for multiplication, while younger (e.g. mine) generations use the centred dot for multiplication and the full stop for decimals. I assume this is from the introduction of computers - decimals would be used much more frequently than multiplicative dots, so it's easier to use the full stop key for a decimal point.
If you have no formulae to work with, you could analyse patterns...
From the pattern, it seems
To prove that beyond doubt, you can apply "Proof By Induction".
Similarly, you can arrive at a formula for the sum of squares...
which is an arithmetic sequence pattern of
Hence, it seems
Proof By Induction can also verify this...
Hence all 3 sums can be expressed in terms of
If I'm writing it I tend to make multiplication dots thicker.
It looks interesting but may be straying too far from the default answers, you're not expected to be at all intuitive in your answers for these papers.