As it's name suggests, when we solve by substitution, we substitute the expression for one variable in one equation for that variable in the other equation. from the second equation, we see that y = x + 2, so we simply substitute x + 2 for y in the other eqaution. we would then have an equation with only x, which is easy to solve.

From (2) we see

substitute for in (1), we get:

Now, can you tell me what is?