Have you seen this formula?
Mike deposits x dollars in a bank to open an account that earns 10% interest compounded annually. All interest earned is immediately deposited into the account. Exactly two years later Donna deposits x dollars in the same bank to open an identical account. After the initial deposit, Mike and Donna make no additional deposits/withdrawals. Assume that when her account is 10 years old, Donna has $10000 in it. How much money is in Mike's account at this time?
I have no idea how they get 12,100 for this problem.
The answer is not too difficult if you go back to the basic formula for interest: A=P(1+r)^t. She had her money in for 10 years at 10% so it would be 10,000= x(1+.1)^10 therefore 10'000/(1.1^10)=x. Now you go back to the guy and he has had his money in for 12 years. Therefore A=(x~3855.43)(1.1)^12 which equals your answer. I left my TI-89 in the car but I did it the hard way on a cheap calculator with no functions to check it out and I was within a few cents of your answer which would be due to rounding on the cheap tools I had available to me.
I hope this helped.