Are we assuming that an object somwhere above the EquatorA friend and I were discussing the speed in which the Earth spins at the Equator.
I had to look it up, in which its speed is 1,038 mph.
So this brought on the question of flying from East to West and from West to East
and how much ground would be covered in one hour.
So the question is:
Using the above data, if you were in a jet plane flyijng East to West at 1,000 mph,
how many miles are covered in one hour?
. . Measured from where?
. . is not carried carried around the planet?
At time-zero, the jet is directly above point on the Equator.
In one hour point A has moved 1038 miles to the east.
In the same hour, the jet has flown 1000 miles to the west.
The jet is now 2038 miles west of point
Alternately, if flying West to East at 1000 mph,
how long would it take to cover the same distance?
Point on the Equator is moving east at 1038 mph.
The jet is flying east at only 1000 mph.
. . The jet will never overtake point
However, the question is:
. . How long does it take for the jet to fly 2038 miles?
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Consider standing on the Equator and throwing a ball straight upward
. . so that it falls into your hand one second later.
This is quite normal and expected.
With your scenario, while the ball is in the air for one second,
. . the Earth has moved 1548.8 feet to the east.
It will come down over a quarter-mile to the west of you.