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Math Help - Creating a Cubic Equation with Coordinates

  1. #1
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    Creating a Cubic Equation with Coordinates

    Solved. Thanks!
    Last edited by Nerdilicious; April 20th 2010 at 02:35 PM. Reason: Wanted to delete this thread and didn't know how.
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  2. #2
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    To make a cubic model y = ax^3+bx^2+cx+d you will need at least 4 points. With these points you can find a,b,c,d using basic algebra or with matrices.

    What other information do you have?
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  3. #3
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    Solved.
    Last edited by Nerdilicious; April 20th 2010 at 02:35 PM.
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  4. #4
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    Before you attempt substitution do you have a start year (or initial point) for the data?

    Otherwise x=0 will mean the year 0 and maybe not representative of what you are trying to model.
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  5. #5
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    No, the data starts at 1950. Could I possibly translate the data so that 1950 is my start date?
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  6. #6
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    Quote Originally Posted by Nerdilicious View Post
    No, the data starts at 1950. Could I possibly translate the data so that 1950 is my start date?
    I would do that making

    (1950, 554.8)
    (1960, 657.5)
    (1985, 1070.0)
    (1995, 1220.5)

    into

    (0, 554.8)
    (10, 657.5)
    (35, 1070.0)
    (45, 1220.5)

    Now one by one substitute these values into the equation in post #2.

    Using (0, 554.8)

    y = ax^3+bx^2+cx+d becomes 554.8 = a(0)^3+b(0)^2+c(0)+d= \dots

    Using (10, 657.5)

    y = ax^3+bx^2+cx+d becomes 657.5 = a(10)^3+b(10)^2+c(10)+d= \dots
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  7. #7
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    So that would make d=554.8, right?
    Then would I substitute that in the other equations, or should I use matrices?
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  8. #8
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    Quote Originally Posted by Nerdilicious View Post
    So that would make d=554.8, right?
    Then would I substitute that in the other equations, or should I use matrices?
    Correct. You need to substitute either way. After this you can decide if you want to use simple algebra or find the inverse of a 4\times 4 matrix.
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  9. #9
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    Thank you so much =D
    You were a huge help!
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