For 1 - remember that a/b = c/d => ad = bc. Thus,

1.

Can you solve it from here? Remember the distributive property.

2. For this one, you want to get rid of the denominators. So find the LCM and multiply EVERY term in the equation by it.

In this case, it is 6, so you get 2[2(x+1)] - 6x + 12 = 5. Now you can simplify this like a simple equation.