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Math Help - [SOLVED] Rational Roots and Factoring

  1. #1
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    [SOLVED] Rational Roots and Factoring

    This is my polynomial:

    5x^5 - 6x^4 - 24x^3 + 20x^2 + 7x - 2 = 0

    I found the rational roots and from that found some factors:

    (x-1)(5x-1)(x +2)

    I don't know how to find the rest of the solutions...
    Please don't just give me an answer, tell me what you did to get from the factors found from rational roots to the solutions of the equation.

    Thanks
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  2. #2
    is up to his old tricks again! Jhevon's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by Noxide View Post
    This is my polynomial:

    5x^5 - 6x^4 - 24x^3 + 20x^2 + 7x - 2 = 0

    I found the rational roots and from that found some factors:

    (x-1)(5x-1)(x +2)

    I don't know how to find the rest of the solutions...
    Please don't just give me an answer, tell me what you did to get from the factors found from rational roots to the solutions of the equation.

    Thanks
    assuming what you have so far is correct, just divide (via long division or synthetic division) the polynomial by each of the factors you found (divide it by one, then divide the answer by the next, then that answer by the last). this will result in a quadratic that you can factor over the reals (if there are real solution(s)) to get the remaining two factors.
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  3. #3
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    Hello, Noxide!

    Solve: . f(x)\;=\;5x^5 - 6x^4 - 24x^3 + 20x^2 + 7x - 2 \:=\: 0

    I found some rational roots and from that found some factors:
    . .  (x-1)(5x-1)(x +2)

    I don't know how to find the rest of the solutions.

    Evidently, you weren't told about "dividing".


    You found that x = 1 is a root, so (x-1) is a factor.

    Use long division (or synthetic division) to find both factors:

    . . f(x) \;=\;(x-1)(5x^4 - x^3 - 25x^2 - 5x + 2)


    Now use the Rational Roots Test on that quartic factor.

    You found that x = -2 is a root, so (x+2) is a factor.

    Divide the quartic: . 5x^4 - x^3 - 26x^2 - 5x + 2 \;=\;(x+2)(5x^3-11x^2 - 3x + 1)

    Hence: . f(x) \;=\;(x-1)(x+2)(5x^3 - 11x^2 - 3x + 1)


    Now use the Rational Roots Test on that cubic.

    You found that \tfrac{1}{5} is a root, so (5x-1) is a factor.

    Divide the cubic: . 5x^3 - 11x^2 - 3x + 1 \;=\;(5x-1)(x^2-2x-1)

    Hence: . f(x) \;=\;(x-1)(x+2)(5x-1)(x^2-2x-1)


    That quadratic doesn't factor, so we use the Quadratic Formula,
    . . and we get: . x \:=\:1 \pm\sqrt{2}


    Therefore, the five roots are: . . 1,\;\;-2,\;\;\tfrac{1}{5},\;\;1 + \sqrt{2},\;\;1 - \sqrt{2}

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    Thanks for the help!
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