say i have a function $\displaystyle (-a)^{x+1} $, does this mean the exponent part of the function is a negative also? e.g. bring the +1 part of (x+1) down so,

$\displaystyle (-a) (-a)^x or-is-it (a)(-a)^x $

another e.g. $\displaystyle (-1)^{x+1} = (-1)(-1)^x or-is-it (1)(-1)^x $