1. ## Factor Theroem

Just a quick question about a questoin relating to factor theorem:

Find the value of k so that when is divided by x + k, the remainder is 3.

Thanks!

2. Originally Posted by ty2391
Just a quick question about a questoin relating to factor theorem:

Find the value of k so that when is divided by x + k, the remainder is 3.

Thanks!
The division algorithm says we can find the quotient and remainder:

x^3+5x^2+6x+11 = q(x)(x+k)+3

Since these are equal, their evaluations are equal as well.
Let us evaluate this at x=-k.

Thus,
(-k)^3+5(-k)^2+6(-k)+11=q(-k)(0)+3
-k^3+5k-6k+11=3
k^3-5k+6k-8=0
Use the rational root theorem and see that k=4 is a solution. (In fact the only one).

Thus, k=4.

3. Hello, ty2391!

Find the value of k so that when x³ + 5x² + 6x + 11 is divided by x + k, the remainder is 3.
I used the Remainder Theorem:
. . If f(a) = r, then f(x) ÷ (x - a) has a remainder of r.

We want to find a so that f(a) = 3.

If a is nonpositive, we can see that f(a) > 11.
. . Hence, a must be negative.

We find that: . f(-1) .= .9
. . . . . . . . . . .f(-2) .= .11
. . . . . . . . . . .f(-3) .= .13
. . . . . . . . . . .f(-4) .= . 3 . ← There!

Therefore: .k = 4

~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

Check

(x³ + 5x² + 6x + 11) ÷ (x + 4) . = . x² + x + 2, .remainder 3