Seemingly easy problem.. modern curriculum's fault?

Hi I've recently bought a book called "Algebra" by Gelfand & Shen. The scope of the book is to teach students math the "pure way", which to me seems the way it was instructed a long time ago - not like today, e.g. "a collection of formulas to be learned and applicated without knowing the meaning behind them". Sorry my english is not the best... Which leads us to the fact that I'm swedish. Sweden must be one of the places with the most degraded math instruction. Anyway, here's the problem.

Fractions and are called neighbor fractions if their difference has the numerator , that is, (that's supposed to be plus minus one).

Prove that

**(a)** in this case neither fraction can be simplified (that is, neither has any common factors in numerator and denominator);

**(b)** if a/b and c/d are neighbor fractions, then is between them and is a neighbor for both a/b and c/d; moreover

**(c)** no fraction e/f with positive integer e and f such that f<b+d is between a/b and c/d.

Thanks for help.. a little discussion would be nice too