In 1972 Mr Partida, a Mexican-American, was convicted of burglary by a jury in a particular county in Texas. Mr Partida’s lawyers, appealed the conviction on the grounds that the jury must havebeen selected in a discriminatory (and thus non-random fashion) because it had a disproportionately small number of Mexican-Americans on it.
They based their argument on the following two pieces of information.
First, a recent census had shown Mexican-Americans made up 79.1% of adults in the population in that county and that this fact was widely accepted.
Second, in a sample of court cases in the county involving a total of 870 jury members, only 39% were Mexican-Americans.
Assume that we will conclude that jury selection in the county was discriminatory if there is less than a 1% chance that a sample proportion of 39% (or less) would result from random selection from a population where the proportion was 79.1%. If you were a Justice of the US Supreme Court, what would your finding be? Would you find that there probably was discrimination in jury selection in the county?
Any help with this one guys? I have no idea where to start! Too many percentages for me to handle! =(