This thread has been reopened. I will answer the first question to start things off
here we can think of assigning a point to a factor as choosing a factor. that is, if a person assigns 3 points to a factor, we think of it as the person having 16 choices in total, and chooses the same choice 3 times. since the person can assign all points to a factor, the number of choices remain constant at the number of factors there are to choose, and the person can make the choices up to 16 times, at which time the person would run out of points they can assign to a factor.
also, you should probably make some distinctions on the factors you have posted. one can argue that "growth" and "advancement" essentially describe the same thing, for instance. what's the difference?