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Math Help - dice probability question

  1. #1
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    dice probability question

    This is a revision question for a phase test that i could sure use some help with!

    A dice game consitsts of throwing 2 six sided dice and noting the score on them. If the score is greater than 9 or at least one dice shows a 6 then you score 3 points, otherwise you lose 1 point. Calculate the probability of gaining 3 points on a single throw. What is the average (or expected) number of points you will gain per throw.

    i make the probability of scoreing 3 points as 12 over 36, but i don`t know how to do the rest.

    any suggestions?

    Cheers
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  2. #2
    Grand Panjandrum
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    Quote Originally Posted by marciano1976 View Post
    This is a revision question for a phase test that i could sure use some help with!

    A dice game consitsts of throwing 2 six sided dice and noting the score on them. If the score is greater than 9 or at least one dice shows a 6 then you score 3 points, otherwise you lose 1 point. Calculate the probability of gaining 3 points on a single throw. What is the average (or expected) number of points you will gain per throw.

    i make the probability of scoreing 3 points as 12 over 36, but i don`t know how to do the rest.

    any suggestions?

    Cheers
    Colour the die red and blue, then the combinations that win are (r6,b4), (r6,b5), (r6,b6), (r5,b5), (r5,b6), (r4,b6), (r6,b1), (r6,b2), (r6,b3), (r1,b6), (r2,b6), (r3,b6). That is 12 winning configurations out of a total of 36.

    p(3)=12/36=1/3

    p(1)=1-p(3)=2/3

    So the expected number of points is:

    (-1)p(1)+(3)p(3)=(-2/3)+(3/3)=1/3

    RonL
    Last edited by CaptainBlack; January 28th 2008 at 08:17 PM.
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  3. #3
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    Quote Originally Posted by CaptainBlack View Post
    So the expected number of points is:
    (1)p(1)+(3)p(3)=(2/3)+(3/3)=5/3
    Surely that should be (-1)p(1)+(3)p(3)=(-2/3)+(3/3)=1/3
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  4. #4
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    Hello, marciano1976!

    Your answer is correct . . .


    A dice game consists of throwing two six-sided dice and noting the score on them.
    If the score is greater than 9 or at least one dice shows a 6 then you score 3 points,
    otherwise you lose 1 point.

    (a)Calculate the probability of gaining 3 points on a single throw.

    (b) What is the average (or expected) number of points you will gain per throw?

    There are 36 possible outcomes . . .

    \begin{array}{cccccc}(1,1) & (1,2) & (1,3) & (1,4) & (1,5) & {\color{blue}(1,6)} \\<br />
(2,1) & (2,2) & (2,3) & (2,4) & (2,5) & {\color{blue}(2,6)} \\ (3,1) & (3,2) & (3,3) & (3,4) & (3,5) & {\color{blue}(3,6)} \\ <br />
(4,1) & (4,2) & (4,3) & (4,4) & (4,5) & {\color{blue}(4,6)}<br />
 \\ (5,1) & (5,2) & (5,3) & (5,4) & {\color{blue}(5,5)} & {\color{blue}(5,6)}<br />
\end{array}
    \begin{array}{cccccc}{\color{blue}(6,1)} & {\color{blue}(6,2)} & {\color{blue}(6,3)} & {\color{blue}(6,4)} & {\color{blue}(6,5)} & {\color{blue}(6,6)}  \end{array}


    There are 12 in which the sum is greater than 9 or there is at least one 6.

    Therefore: . (a)\;\;P(\text{gain 3 points}) \:=\:\frac{12}{36} \:=\:\frac{1}{3}


    Hence: . \begin{array}{ccc}P(\text{win 3 points}) &=& \frac{1}{3} \\ P(\text{lose 1 point}) & = & \frac{2}{3} \end{array}


    And: . (b)\;\;\text{Average} \;=\;(+3)\left(\frac{1}{3}\right) + (-1)\left(\frac{2}{3}\right) \:=\:\frac{1}{3}

    You can expect to win an average of \frac{1}{3} of a point per throw.

    . . . as Plato already pointed out.
    .
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  5. #5
    Grand Panjandrum
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    Quote Originally Posted by Plato View Post
    Surely that should be (-1)p(1)+(3)p(3)=(-2/3)+(3/3)=1/3
    Of course it should, I misread the question (again)

    RonL
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