# Gamma/Poisson Distribution- Probability

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• Jan 20th 2008, 12:19 AM
shilz222
Gamma/Poisson Distribution- Probability
Let $Y$ be a gamma random variable with parameters $(s, \alpha)$. That is, its density is $f_{y}(y) = Ce^{- \alpha y}y^{s-1}, y > 0$, where $C$ is a constant that does not depend on $y$. Suppose also that the conditional distribution of $X$ given that $Y = y$ is Poisson with mean $y$. That is $P \{X = i| Y = y \} = e^{-y}y^{i}/i!, \ i \geq 0$. Show that the conditional distribution of $Y$ given that $X = i$ is the gamma distribution with parameters $(s+i, \alpha + 1)$.

So the problem is to find $P \{Y = y | X = i \}$ and show that it is the gamma distribution. Now $P \{Y =y |X =i \} = \frac{P \{Y =y, \ X = i \}}{P \{X = i\}}$. So I am guessing that the $\frac{1}{P \{Y = y \}}$ and the $\frac{1}{P \{X = i \}}$ are the factors that affect whether the distribution is Poisson or Gamma.

PS: Is R the best stats software in general? Is Jmp good?
• Jan 20th 2008, 12:44 AM
Peritus
using Baye's theorem we get:

$
P\{ Y = y|X = i\} = \frac{{P\{ X = i|Y = y\} f_y (y)}}{{\int\limits_0^\infty {P\{ X = i|Y = y\} f_y (y)dy} }}
$

$
P\{ Y = y|X = i\} = \frac{{Ce^{ - (\alpha + 1)y} \frac{{y^{s + i - 1} }}{{i!}}}}{{C\int\limits_0^\infty {e^{ - (\alpha + 1)y} \frac{{y^{s + i - 1} }}{{i!}}dy} }} = \frac{{e^{ - (\alpha + 1)y} y^{s + i - 1} }}{{\int\limits_0^\infty {e^{ - (\alpha + 1)y} y^{s + i - 1} dy} }} =
$

$
= \frac{{e^{ - (\alpha + 1)y} y^{s + i - 1} }}{{\frac{{(s + i - 1)!}}{{(\alpha + 1)^{s + i} }}}} = \frac{{(\alpha + 1)^{s + i} }}{{(s + i - 1)!}}e^{ - (\alpha + 1)y} y^{s + i - 1}$

which is exactly the gamma distribution with the parameters $(s + i,\alpha + 1)$
• Jan 20th 2008, 01:04 AM
shilz222
Ah I knew it. Whenever you are given $P(A|B)$ and you want to find $P(B|A)$ just write it as $P(B|A) = \frac{P(B)P(A|B)}{P(A)}$.