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Math Help - sampling distribution of sample means

  1. #1
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    sampling distribution of sample means

    I beg your help on this excercice. Thank you.

    The number of hours spent studying by students the week before exams is normal distributed with standard deviation 8.4 hours. A random samole is taken to estimate the population mean number of hours studying.
    A) How large a sample is needed to ensure that the probability tha the sample mean differs from the population mean by more than 2 hours is less than 0.05?

    B) without doing calculations, state whether a larger or smaller sample than in part A) would be required to guarantee that the probability of the sample mean differs from the population mean by more than 2 hours is less than 0.10.

    C) without doing calculations, state whether a larger or smaller sample than in part A) would be required to guarantee that the probability of the sample mean differs from the population mean by more than 1.5 hours is less than 0.05.

    Thank you.
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  2. #2
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    Generally, and you should know this, n\;=\;\frac{z^{2}s^{2}}{d^{2}}. You should be able to see this from your previous experience building confidence intervals.

    After that useful forumla, B) and C) are eyeball problems. If you increase the numerator or decrease the denominator, what does that do to the required sample size? Similarly, if you decrease the numerator or increase the denominator, what does that do to the required sample size?

    Note: It should be obvious that a small sample would lead to 't' rather than 'z'.

    Note: With a Finite Population Correction Factor, this will be different. You tell me what that is. We don't need it for this problem. Why?
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  3. #3
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    Quote Originally Posted by TKHunny View Post
    Note: With a Finite Population Correction Factor, this will be different. You tell me what that is. We don't need it for this problem. Why?
    We do not know N, so how can we compute the finite population correction factor?

    I do not understand the point A.

    What I do is

    P(X>p+2) = P(Z> (p+2 - p)/ (8.4/squarerootof n) )= 0.05

    so I find Z=1.65 and then 1.65= 2/ (8.4/ sqr n )
    n= (1.65* 8.4/2)^2 =48 but the book says 68.

    I do not know.
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  4. #4
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    Quote Originally Posted by 0123 View Post
    We do not know N, so how can we compute the finite population correction factor?
    Why do we care? My point is only that if we need the FPCF, we'll have to calculate a different value for the sample size.

    I do not understand the point A.

    What I do is

    P(X>p+2) = P(Z> (p+2 - p)/ (8.4/squarerootof n) )= 0.05

    so I find Z=1.65 and then 1.65= 2/ (8.4/ sqr n )
    n= (1.65* 8.4/2)^2 =48 but the book says 68.

    I do not know.
    When you decide that it is a 2-tail test, you will have it.
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    where does it come out that it is a two tail test?
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  6. #6
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    You must read the problem very carefully.

    "the probability that the sample mean differs from the population mean by more than 2 hours"

    Which direction are we looking? Higher? Lower? Both? Either?
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  7. #7
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    Quote Originally Posted by TKHunny View Post
    You must read the problem very carefully.

    "the probability that the sample mean differs from the population mean by more than 2 hours"

    Which direction are we looking? Higher? Lower? Both? Either?
    Right. Thank you.
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