Hi, I have numerous chi-squares to run. A couple of the expected frequencies are less than 5 so I have decided to go with Fisher's exact test for them. I have a couple of questions pertaining to these tests. First, I am conducting a Pearson's chi-square, which I believe to be a one tailed test because previous research tells me that people are likely to answer correctly when stimulus A is used than when stimulus B is used. So I have a 2 (stimuli A, stimuli B) x 2 (correct, incorrect) Chi-square contingency table and have generated the associated stats in SPSS. However, rather than finding that the alternative hypothesis is true (Stimuli A => correct answering, Stimuli B => incorrect answering) I have found the opposite is true and significantly so. Therein lies my conundrum. I can't say that there was no effect (Ho), because there was, but can I now report the significant effect because isn't this technically shifting toward testing a two tailed hypothesis now? It wouldn't be my alternative hypothesis either.... The second query I have pertains to the use of Fisher's exact test. Do I report the odds ratio and Phi for Fisher's exact test. If not, how do I describe the strength and direction of the effect? Many thanks. Kate