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Math Help - Monty Hall problem with 4 doors

  1. #1
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    Monty Hall problem with 4 doors

    If there are four doors instead of the usual three that the monty hall problem asks. Would you switch if the game host shows you a door without the prize in it. How can would you figure this out.
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  2. #2
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    Re: Monty Hall problem with 4 doors

    let's say you picked the door with the "goat". you have a 1/4 chance of doing this. in this case, switching gives you a 1/2 chance of winning the prize.
    let's say you picked the door with the prize. you also have a 1/4 chance of doing this. in this case, swtiching gives you a 0 chance of winning the prize.
    finally, let's say you picked a "empty" door. you have a 1/2 chance of doing this. in this case, switching gives you a 1/2 chance of winning the prize.

    so you total chance of winning the prize is: (1/4)(1/2) + (1/4)(0) + (1/2)(1/2) = 3/8.

    now let's analyze the "don't switch" strategy:

    you pick the door with the "goat (booby prize)". you have a 1/4 chance of doing this, and in this case, you never win.
    you pick the door with the prize. you have a 1/4 chance of doing this, and in this case, you always win.
    you pick an empty door. you have a 1/2 chance of doing this, and in this case, you never win.

    total chance of winning the prize is: (1/4)(0) + (1/4)(1) + (1/2)(0) = 1/4.

    it's still better to switch.
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