# Thread: e^2x = (1+2x/n)^n for large n?

1. ## e^2x = (1+2x/n)^n for large n?

The task is to show why e^2x = (1+2x/n)^n for very large n. I'm not sure how to tackle this problem. I thought about creating the generating functions and doing some algebraic manipulation but couldn't finish it.

2. Try using the fact that $\lim_{n\rightarrow{\infty}}\left(1+\frac{1}{n}\rig ht)^{n}=e$

Your problem is a variation on a theme.

3. The sequence $\displaystyle a_n=\left(1+\frac{2x}{n}\right)^n$ converges to $e^{2x}$ when $n\to\infty$
$\displaystyle \lim_{n\to\infty}\left(1+\frac{2x}{n}\right)^n=\li m_{n\to\infty}\left[\left(1+\frac{2x}{n}\right)^{\frac{n}{2x}}\right]^{\frac{2x}{n}\cdot n}=e^{2x}$

4. ## Thanks but...

I don't think that's the method they are looking for because the next question is proving:

E^(-x^2/2) = Cos[x/(n^0.5)]^n as n approaches infinity.

5. $\displaystyle\lim_{n\to\infty}\left(\cos\frac{x}{\ sqrt{n}}\right)^n=\lim_{n\to\infty}\left(1+\cos\fr ac{x}{\sqrt{n}}-1\right)^n=\lim_{n\to\infty}\left(1-2\sin ^2\frac{x}{2\sqrt{n}}\right)^n=$
$\displaystyle =e^{\displaystyle -\lim_{n\to\infty}2\sin ^2\frac{x}{2\sqrt{n}}\cdot n}=e^{\displaystyle -\lim_{n\to\infty}\left(\frac{\sin \frac{x}{2\sqrt{n}}}{\frac{x}{2\sqrt{n}}}\right)^2 \cdot\frac{x^2}{2}}=e^{-\displaystyle \frac{x^2}{2}}$

6. Originally Posted by CrazyAsian
The task is to show why e^2x = (1+2x/n)^n for very large n. I'm not sure how to tackle this problem. I thought about creating the generating functions and doing some algebraic manipulation but couldn't finish it.
Suppose $n \gg 2x$, then expand the RHS using the binomial
expansion and compare with the power series expansion of the LHS.

RonL

7. Originally Posted by CrazyAsian
The task is to show why e^2x = (1+2x/n)^n for very large n. I'm not sure how to tackle this problem. I thought about creating the generating functions and doing some algebraic manipulation but couldn't finish it.
Another method is to define:

$
f_n(x)=(1+2x/n)^n
$

then

$
f'_n(x)=2 f_n(x) (1+O(x/n))
$

which is of seperable type so:

$
\int \frac{1}{f_n} df_n = \int (2+O(x/n)) dx
$

or:

$
f_n(x)= Ae^{2x+O(x^2/n)}
$

and as $f_n(0)=1,\ A=1$ (though a bit of care may be needed to show this)

Hence for fixed $x$ we have:

$
\lim_{n \to \infty} f_n(x) = e^{2x}
$

RonL

8. You can use this.

9. Here's a fairly simple proof I just scratched down.

$\lim_{n\rightarrow{\infty}}\left(1+\frac{2x}{n}\ri ght)^{n}$

Let $a=\frac{2x}{n}, \;\ n=\frac{2x}{a}$

$\lim_{a\rightarrow{0}}\left(1+a\right)^{\frac{2x}{ a}}$

$\lim_{a\rightarrow{0}}[\underbrace{\left(1+a\right)^{\frac{1}{a}}}_{\text {limit=e}}]^{2x}=e^{2x}$