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Math Help - Probability with mutually exclusive events

  1. #1
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    Probability with mutually exclusive events

    Let S be the sample space of a repeatable experiment. Let A and B be the mutually exclusive events of S. Prove that in independent trials of this experiment, the even A occurs before the event B with probability P(A) / [P(A) + P(B)].

    Having trouble showing that this is true. Any help is appreciated.
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  2. #2
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    Quote Originally Posted by Zennie View Post
    Let S be the sample space of a repeatable experiment. Let A and B be the mutually exclusive events of S. Prove that in independent trials of this experiment, the even A occurs before the event B with probability P(A) / [P(A) + P(B)].

    Having trouble showing that this is true. Any help is appreciated.
    Event A has A size sample space. Event B has B size sample space.

    Note that in this question there are four probabilities to consider. P(A), P(B), P(A intersection B) and P(A union B).

    the chance for it to occur should be A/A+B and if we take the probability of that this should be P(A)/P(A union B)

    P(A union B)=P(A)+P(B)-P(A intersection B) [Use a venn diagram if unsure]

    in mutually excluse P(A intersection B)=0

    therefore the chance for A to occur first is P(A)/[P(A)+P(B)]

    The key here is P(A intersection B)=0. Whenever you deal with mutually excluse just remember that and try to put that somewhere.
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