hi! I need help understanding these two very close questions.
Let A and B be independent events. Show that the "complement of A" and "B" are independent.
The solution here starts by sayng that the intersection between A-complement and B is equal to B minus the intersection between A and B. But I don't see where this comes from...
The other one is: if P(A)=1 or 0, show that A is independent of all events B.
As for the first question, since and are independent, we have
Let denote the complement of . Then they state that
This is correct - for instance, try checking it with a Venn diagram.
which means that and are independent.
For the other problem: What if ? Then as is a subset of , we have also , which equals .
What if ? Then the event definitely occurs, no matter what is. See if you can write it down formally.
Why is that is a subset of ?
I still don't get why B shall be contained in A, which is equivalent to say that the intersection is a subset of A...
if two events A and B are independent then probability of their intersection can be calculated as a product of their probabilities. Contrary to a popular belief, if for two events A and B one shows that the probability of their intersection can be calculated as a product of their probabilities it does not mean that the two events are independent. Sorry it just doesn't work that way.
Would you care to provide an example to support the extraordinary claim?
Originally Posted by MathoMan
Independence (probability theory) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
okay.. fiiuu! I was getting really confused at that point..
so now, I still don't get the fact that B is inside A...
I have absolutely no idea what that post means.
Originally Posted by 0123
What are you trying to ask?
Try using standard English.
We assume no where that B is inside of A. Maybe you are thinking of something else, like being inside of A. But this latter claim is always true, no matter how A and B are positioned with respect to one another, as my argument above shows.
Okay, but then we can also write is inside of B.
I was trying to eason in that way for P(A)=1 but I don't seem to go further...
Originally Posted by HappyJoe