# Conditional expectation

• Jan 6th 2010, 02:40 PM
akbar
Conditional expectation
Let $\xi_1,\xi_2,\xi_3$ be three independent, identically distributed and bounded random variables with density $p(x)$.

What is the distribution of: $\mathbb{E}\big(\max(\xi_1,\xi_2,\xi_3)|\min(\xi_1, \xi_2,\xi_3)\big)$, as a function of $p$ ?

One can easily obtain the distribution of $\max(\xi_1,\xi_2,\xi_3)$ and $\min(\xi_1,\xi_2,\xi_3)$. But how do you get the joint distribution?
Unless there is a better way to proceed.

• Jan 6th 2010, 03:12 PM
Laurent
Let $M=\max(\xi_1,\xi_2,\xi_3)$ and $m=\min(\xi_1,\xi_2,\xi_3)$. You can start from there:

$P(t\leq m\mbox{ and }M\leq u)=P(t\leq \xi_1\leq u)^3$.

This gives the distribution of $(m,M)$.
• Jan 6th 2010, 04:15 PM
matheagle
you can use the 'multinomial' formula for joint densities of order stats

$f(x_1,x_3)=3!f(x_1)[F(x_3)-F(x_1)]f(x_3)$

where I'm using $x_1$ as the first order stat and $x_3$ as the third.
• Jan 6th 2010, 04:27 PM
akbar
This is what you get using the joint probability suggested by Laurent.

I am not familiar with the multinomial formula you mention. Is there any reference you could suggest where I can find it?