Consider a test for a certain illness. Say that the probability of a false-negative is 0.2 and a false-positive is 0.01. Suppose that a disease carrier and 4 non-carriers get tested, what is the probability that we will get at least 2 positive result out of them? And what is the expected number of positive tests?
So to get at least 2 positive result is saying the probability of having either:
i. The disease carrier get positive and at least one of the non-carrier get false positive.
ii. The disease carrier gets false negative and at least two of the non-carrier get false positive.
Now, I believe I can use the binomial distribution for the non carrier part, implies:
P( disease carrier pos and at least one non-carrier get pos) =
P( disease carrier neg and at least two non-carrier get pos) =
Then do I just add them up?
And how do I find the expected value? I know I need to do , but I'm not so sure about the extra stuff that comes with the disease carrier.