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Math Help - Hermitian Matrix Product problem

  1. #1
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    Hermitian Matrix Product problem

    hi, recently encountered this problem:

    A=XBXH


    where A, X, B are 5x5 symmetric and complex matrices. A and B are known, want to find X.


    if any method available or some suggestions would be great.

    Thanks
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  2. #2
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    Re: Hermitian Matrix Product problem

    Does X^H mean Hermitian conjugation? By "5x5 symmetric and complex" do you mean self-adjoint, i.e. X=X^H, A=A^H, B=B^H? Are you looking for something working for specific A, B, or for general?

    I thought about decomposing A and B into spectral decomposition (or "diagonalization", Spectral theorem - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia) : A=U D1 U^H and B=V D2 V^H, where D1 and D2 are diagonal, and U and V are unitary. Now the first question is whether D1 equals D2. That depends on your A and B of course. If D1=D2, then one of the possible solutions for X is of course X= U V^H. The only problem is that X is unitary rather than self-adjoint. And I'm kind of skeptical about whether a self-adjoint solution can be (easily) found. If D1 is not D2, then look for X in the form X=U D3 V^H, where D3 is a certain diagonal matrix. In this case such an X is neither unitary nor self-adjoint (but e.g. normal, which isn't too bad either)

    of course I'm guessing this equation doesn't have a unique solution, so I'm not claiming that there can't be a self-adjoint X
    Last edited by choovuck; July 10th 2012 at 01:07 AM.
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