# Thread: Show {x_n} is NOT a compact set in C([0,1])

1. ## Show {x_n} is NOT a compact set in C([0,1])

This is the Question:

Let $x_n(t) = \begin{cases} nt & 0 \leq t \leq \frac{1}{n} \\ 2-nt & \frac{1}{n}

Show that $\{x_n\}$ is NOT compact set in $C([0,1])$

My idea is to show that $\mbox{\{x_n(t)\}}$ converge pointwise to $x(t)$, and $x(t) \notin C([0,1])$

Where $x(t) = \lim_{n\to \infty}x_n(t) = \begin{cases}1&t=0\\0&0

Is this enough to show $\{x_n\}$ is NOT compact set in $C([0,1])$???

And how do I state formally that $\mbox{\{x_n(t)\}}$ converge pointwise to $x(t)$???

2. ## Re: Show {x_n} is NOT a compact set in C([0,1])

In fact $\{x_n\}$ converges pointwise to the constant function equal to $0$. If the set $\{x_n,n\in\Bbb N\}$ was compact, we would be able to extract a uniformly convergent sub-sequence $\{x_{n_k}\}$. This one should converge uniformly to $0$. Do you see why it is not possible?

3. ## Re: Show {x_n} is NOT a compact set in C([0,1])

Thank you for fast reply

I'm really new to these concepts, sorry if my answer is silly lol

from the $Def^\underline{n}$ of uniform convergence:

for any $x_m, m\in n_k,$ and any $\epsilon < 1:$

$\left|{x_m(\frac{1}{n}) - x(\frac{1}{n})\right|= 1-0 > \epsilon$

therefore no sub-sequence converge to 0 uniformly, hance $\{x_n,n\in\Bbb N\}$ is not compact

Is this right?

That right.