is the orthogonal projection onto the line Lθ passing through the origin that makes an angle θ with the horizontal.
It's description is
"Count the number of intersections of a given set F with a straight line, and then integrate this number over the space of all lines."
But I think (y) is not a straight line and is a set containing set F.
Also, I see there is only one staight line Lθ here.
What 's wrong in my thought?
(additional question: When F is a rectifiable curve, I1(F) is twice its length.Why?)