# Force vectors

• Jun 27th 2006, 02:21 PM
Celia
I don't understand!
A 1.5-kg object moves up the y-axis at a constant speed. When it reaches the origin, the forces F1 = 5.0 N at 37o above the +x-axis, F2 = 2.5 N in the +x-direction, F3 = 3.5 N at 45o below the -x-axis, and F4 = 1.5 N in the -y-direction are applied to it. (a) Will the object continue to move along the y-axis? (b) If not, what simultaneously applied force will keep it moving along the y-axis at a constant speed?
• Jun 27th 2006, 04:41 PM
Soltras
Well, add up all the forces (using vector addition) to find out what the net force is acting on the object, call it \$\displaystyle \Sigma F\$.

i.e. \$\displaystyle \Sigma F = F_1 + F_2 + F_3 + F_4\$.

For part (a), if the angle of \$\displaystyle \Sigma F\$ is along the y-axis, or if its magnitude is zero, then the object will stay on the y-axis.

For part (b), apply a force of the same magnitude but opposite direction (that is, apply \$\displaystyle -\Sigma F\$) to allow the object to continue along the y-axis at its original speed.
• Jun 27th 2006, 08:58 PM
earboth
Quote:

Originally Posted by Celia
A 1.5-kg object moves up the y-axis at a constant speed. When it reaches the origin, the forces F1 = 5.0 N at 37o above the +x-axis, F2 = 2.5 N in the +x-direction, F3 = 3.5 N at 45o below the -x-axis, and F4 = 1.5 N in the -y-direction are applied to it. (a) Will the object continue to move along the y-axis? (b) If not, what simultaneously applied force will keep it moving along the y-axis at a constant speed?

Hello,

I've attached a diagram to clarify(?) the situation described by your problem.

to a) The blue vectors are

\$\displaystyle \overrightarrow{\overrightarrow{F_1}+ \overrightarrow{F_2} }\ \mbox{and}\ \overrightarrow{\overrightarrow{F_3}+ \overrightarrow{F_4} }\$

then I added these vectors and got the result (=red vector). It has a value of 4.133 N and forms an angle of -13.5° with the x-axis.

to b) the object will move on undisturbed if all applied forces have the value 0. So applie a force \$\displaystyle \overrightarrow{F_5}\$ which has the value of the red resulting vector and points in the opposite direction.

Greetings

EB