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  1. #1
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    mechanics question, resultant forces.

    Two forces P and Q act on a particle. The force P has magnitude 7N and acts due north. The resultant of P and Q is a force of magnitude 10N acting in a direction with bearing 120 degrees. Find

    i) the magnitude of Q
    ii) the direction of Q, giving your answer as a bearing.

    any help would be much appreciated, thanks
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  2. #2
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    Quote Originally Posted by Oranges&Lemons View Post
    Two forces P and Q act on a particle. The force P has magnitude 7N and acts due north. The resultant of P and Q is a force of magnitude 10N acting in a direction with bearing 120 degrees. Find

    i) the magnitude of Q
    ii) the direction of Q, giving your answer as a bearing.

    any help would be much appreciated, thanks
    Use some trig...

    7+sin(\theta)Q=10sin(120)
    cos(\theta)Q=10cos(120)

    Solve for the system of equations. Basically, you want to split all the forces into x's (top equation) and y's (bottom equation). Use the sine of an angle multiplied by the force to get the vertical force; use cosine for horizontal directions.
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  3. #3
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    Quote Originally Posted by Oranges&Lemons View Post
    Two forces P and Q act on a particle. The force P has magnitude 7N and acts due north. The resultant of P and Q is a force of magnitude 10N acting in a direction with bearing 120 degrees. Find

    i) the magnitude of Q
    ii) the direction of Q, giving your answer as a bearing.

    any help would be much appreciated, thanks
    Here is another attempt:

    1. draw a rough sketch

    2. You can calculate the dotted green line by Cosine rule. The length of this line correspond with the magnitude of Q:

    |Q| = \sqrt{7^2+10^2-2 \cdot 7 \cdot 10 \cdot \cos(120^{\circ})} \approx 14.798648...\ N

    3. To calculate the bearing of Q you have to add the angle \alpha_2 = \alpha to the 120 = bearing of the resultant force R:

    \cos(\alpha)=\frac{7^2-10^2-14.799^2}{-2\cdot 10 \cdot 14.799}

    This will give you \alpha \approx 24.182^\circ

    And therefore the bearing of Q is 144.182
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  4. #4
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    thankyou so much!
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