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Math Help - Compute the solution $\phi_t \overrightarrow x_0 = e^{At} \overrightarrow x_0$ to the

  1. #1
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    Compute the solution $\phi_t \overrightarrow x_0 = e^{At} \overrightarrow x_0$ to the

    Compute the solution $\phi_t \overrightarrow x_0 = e^{At} \overrightarrow x_0$ to the system $x' = -x + 4y$ and $y' = -4x - y$


    The characteristic equation i found is $\lambda^2 + 2\lambda + 17$...The eienvalues are -1+- 4i....can anyone help me to move forward since i do not know how to find the eigenvector from non real eigenvalues?
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  2. #2
    MHF Contributor FernandoRevilla's Avatar
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    Re: Compute the solution $\phi_t \overrightarrow x_0 = e^{At} \overrightarrow x_0$ to

    For $\lambda_1=-1+4i:$ $$V_{\lambda_1}=\ker (A-\lambda_1 I)\equiv\left \{ \begin{matrix} -4ix_1+4x_2=0\\ -4x_1-4ix_2=0\end{matrix}\right.\qquad (*)$$ As $\lambda_1$ is simple, $\dim V_{\lambda_1}=1$ and $v=(i,-1)\neq (0,0)$ is a solution of $(*).$ As a consequence, $\{v\}$ is a basis of $V_{\lambda_1}.$

    On the other hand, a basis of $\lambda_2=-1-4i$ is $\bar{v}=(-i,-1)$ according to a well known property.
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