Question: Use the triangle law of vector addition to derive the following relationships between the unit polar basis and the standard cartesian basis.
(there's two other relations but you know what they are, it would get too messy to write them)
I have drawn some diagrams but I'm not sure how to write the proof exactly...
Any ideas would be appreciated!
Here's a picture of the problem; it might clarify what is meant by the unit polar basis. It's problem number 6.
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I would assume it means a 2 dimensional basis where the first vector is "r" and the second "theta", and each is a unit vector.
Thanks for any help!
this doesn't quite make sense: 'first vector is "r" and the second "theta"' because those are numbers, not vectors. I think what you mean rather is that we have different basis vectors at each point. One of the basis vectors, , at (x, y), is the unit vector whose direction is away from the origin, along the line y= x, and the other, is the unit vector perpendicular to that in the direction of increasing angle. Those. I presume, are your "er" and "e(theta)", respectively.
But I don't know what you mean by "Er" and "i"? did you mean "er" again? And is "i" the unit vector in the x-direction?