Well there are 4C3=4 choices of 3 elements from that set of 4 elements (recall the ordering of the basis does not affect spanning or linear independence). So pick three of them and make each vector a column of a 3x3 matrix. Take the determinant, if it is 0 then they are not a basis since they are not linearly independent. If the determinant is not zero then they are linearly independent and there are three of them, so they span a three dimensional vector space. Do this for each of the four possibilities.