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Math Help - Linear Algebra

  1. #1
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    Linear Algebra

    1. If A and B are m x n matricies, show that
    U = [X in  R^n | AX = BX ] is a subspace of  R^n

    2. If [X1, X2, X3,......XK] is independant, show that [X1, X1 + X2, X1 +X2 + X3,....,X1 +X2.....XK] is also independant.

    3.If [Y, X1, X2, X3,.....XK] is independant show that [Y + X1, Y + X2, Y + X3,....Y+XK] is also independant

    4. Let U and W denote subspace  R^n , and assume that U is a proper subset of W. If dimU = n-1, show that either W = U or W =  R^n

    5. Let U and W denote the subspaces of  R^n , and assume that U is a proper subset of W. If dim W = 1, show that either U = {0} or U = W

    6. Let C1, C2,....CN be fixed columns in  R^n and define T:  R^n ---->  R^m by T([x1 *x2 ....... xN]^T =  x1C1 + x2c2+.....+XnCn in  R^n . Show that T is a linear transformation and find the matrix of T
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  2. #2
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    Quote Originally Posted by treetheta View Post
    1. If A and B are m x n matricies, show that
    U = [X in  R^n | AX = BX ] is a subspace of  R^n
    If u and v are in U, then Au= Bu and Av= Bv. So A(u+v)= Au+ Av= Bu+ Bv= B(u+v). Similarly for A(au).

    2. If [X1, X2, X3,......XK] is independant, show that [X1, X1 + X2, X1 +X2 + X3,....,X1 +X2.....XK] is also independant.
    First, the correct spelling is "independ[b]e[b]nt". Now, if [X1, X1 + X2, X1 +X2 + X3,....,X1 +X2.....XK] were not independent the there would exist numbers a1, a2, ..., aK, not all 0, such that a1X1+ a2(X1+X2)+ a3(X1+ X2+ X3)+ ...+ aK(X1+ X2+ ...+XK)= 0. rewrite that to collect "like" Xs and show that would imply that [X1, X2, ..., X] are not independent.

    3.If [Y, X1, X2, X3,.....XK] is independant show that [Y + X1, Y + X2, Y + X3,....Y+XK] is also independant
    Same as 2.

    4. Let U and W denote subspace  R^n , and assume that U is a proper subset of W. If dimU = n-1, show that either W = U or W =  R^n
    Actually, since W is NOT a "proper" subset of itself, I would say this is not true!

    5. Let U and W denote the subspaces of  R^n , and assume that U is a proper subset of W. If dim W = 1, show that either U = {0} or U = W
    Same comment as for (4).

    6. Let C1, C2,....CN be fixed columns in  R^n and define T:  R^n ---->  R^m by T([x1 *x2 ....... xN]^T =  x1C1 + x2c2+.....+XnCn in  R^n . Show that T is a linear transformation and find the matrix of T
    Show that it is a linear transformation by showing that T(u+v)= T(u)+
    T(v) and T(au)= aT(u). Consider the matrix having C1, C2, ..., CN as its columns, of course.
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