1. ## Galois extension

Explain why $\mathbb{Q} \subset \mathbb{Q}(^3\sqrt2)$ is not a Galois extension. Find the smallest extension field $E/\mathbb{Q}(^3\sqrt2)$ so that $E/\mathbb{Q}$ is Galois. Determine the isomorphism class of $\text{Gal}(E/\mathbb{Q})$.

I know how to prove that $\mathbb{Q} \subset \mathbb{Q}(^3\sqrt2)$ is not a Galois extension. But I don't know how to do the next two parts of this question. Thanks in advance.

2. Originally Posted by vaevictis59
Explain why $\mathbb{Q} \subset \mathbb{Q}(^3\sqrt2)$ is not a Galois extension. Find the smallest extension field $E/\mathbb{Q}(^3\sqrt2)$ so that $E/\mathbb{Q}$ is Galois. Determine the isomorphism class of $\text{Gal}(E/\mathbb{Q})$.

I know how to prove that $\mathbb{Q} \subset \mathbb{Q}(^3\sqrt2)$ is not a Galois extension. But I don't know how to do the next two parts of this question. Thanks in advance.
Notice that the minimal polynomial of $\sqrt[3]{2}$ over $\mathbb{Q}$ is $x^3 - 2$. The roots of this polynomial is $\sqrt[3]{2},\zeta\sqrt[3]{2},\zeta^2\sqrt[3]{2}$. Thus, the splitting field of this polynomial is $E=\mathbb{Q}(\zeta,\sqrt[3]{2})$. Notice that $E/\mathbb{Q}$ is Galois with $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt[3]{2})\subset E$ and it is the smallest extension because it is splitting field of the minimal polynomial. Now we see that $\text{Gal}(E/\mathbb{Q}) = S_3$.

3. Originally Posted by ThePerfectHacker
Notice that the minimal polynomial of $\sqrt[3]{2}$ over $\mathbb{Q}$ is $x^3 - 2$. The roots of this polynomial is $\sqrt[3]{2},\zeta\sqrt[3]{2},\zeta^2\sqrt[3]{2}$. Thus, the splitting field of this polynomial is $E=\mathbb{Q}(\zeta,\sqrt[3]{2})$. Notice that $E/\mathbb{Q}$ is Galois with $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt[3]{2})\subset E$ and it is the smallest extension because it is splitting field of the minimal polynomial. Now we see that $\text{Gal}(E/\mathbb{Q}) = S_3$.
How do we know this is isomorphic to $S_3$ and not $\mathbb{Z}_6$? I don't see how we know which group of order 6 it is isomorphic to.

4. There are only two groups of order 6.

A cyclic (abelian) one.

And $D_6 \cong S_3$ which is non abelian.

Write out the automorphisms it is pretty clear it is not cyclic nor abelian.